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Blackjack strategy charts

Basic blackjack strategy is the whole set of different decisions a player may make during the game. It depends on the dealer's face-up card and on the player's current total hand value. Correct application of the basic blackjack strategy helps the player to reduce house edge significantly and eventually win at blackjack. Applying basic strategy depends on different blackjack variations prevailing at a certain casino and on the game type, i.e. there are differences in basic strategies in single-deck and multiple-deck games.

To master basic strategy, most players begin with making a basic strategy chart. These charts define mathematically calculated decisions for different situations in a game of blackjack. In fact, the basic strategy chart defines how to play the initial hand depending on the dealer's face-up card. Knowing that the house edge is gained by the fact that the dealer acts after all players have made their decisions, basic strategy chart gives hints about the possible decisions while playing blackjack. Basic blackjack strategies are usually total-dependent, which means they are based on the dealer's face-up card and the player's current total hand value.

Below you can see the examples of a basic strategy chart composed basically for single-deck blackjack. Actions in the charts are represented by letters: H is for Hit, S - for Stand, D - for Double, and P - for Split. Rows represent the player's hand totals, columns are for the dealer's face-up card. For example, if a player's hand total makes 10 (6 plus 4) and the dealer's face-up card is 5, the basic strategy chart offers to double the bet and draw another card. If this card is 3, the total makes 13 and the chart advises to stand.

Strategy chart for Hard Totals

Strategy chart for Soft Totals

Strategy chart for Pair Splitting

Of course, no blackjack strategy chart can guarantee winning at blackjack, but it can help blackjack player make correct decisions in order to avoid losing and to make profit in the game of blackjack.